Alcohol has a number of effects on health, both physical and mental. The short-term effects of alcohol consumption include intoxication and dehydration. Long-term effects of alcohol consumption include changes in the metabolism of the liver and brain and alcohol use disorder. Alcohol intoxication affects the brain, causing a range of effects such as clumsiness, slurred speech, and delayed reflexes. Alcohol stimulates insulin production which speeds up glucose metabolism and can result in low blood sugar, causing irritability and possibly death for those who are diabetics. There is an increased risk of developing an alcohol use disorder for teenagers while their brain is still developing. Adolescents who drink have a higher probability of injury including death.
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